Final Exam.docx - American Revolution Years previous to the...

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American Revolution Years previous to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, America had been dealing with the rise of rebellion. Parliament had passed laws to tax Americans through implying the Sugar Act of 1764, , Stamp Act of 1765, Townshend Act of 1767, and the Tea Act of 1773. Americans disliked Great Britain's attempt to assist in raising money for the increased cost of colonial administration, causing greater conflict. The Sugar Act placed tariffs on sugar, coffee, wines, and Molasses imports. The Navigation Act duties were to regulate merchandising, however money collected did not reach into profit, causing Americans to acknowledge Parliament had no right to tax them. The Stamp Act placed widespread taxes on printed material, removing the ability to sell newspapers, pamphlets, or ability to conduct licenses, diplomas, or legal papers. This law intended to be cheap and painless to pay, but required the purchase of special stamps that had to be attached to the printed material. Even with the repeal of the Stamp Act, Britain continued to tax the colonies. Charles Townshend introduced taxes on glass, lead, paints, paper, and imported tea. The Townshend Act caused Americans to boycott British goods and made efforts to stimulate colonial manufacturing and eventually resulted in the Boston Massacre. However, the most important Act leading to the Declaration of Independence was the Tea Act of 1773. In the Spring of 1773, the Tea Act precipitated the final crisis. A significant British Tax was placed on the tea, in addition to the threepenny Townshend duty. However, the new prime minister revoked British taxes and allowed tea to be sold directly in America, ultimately saving money off retail price, yielding as a profit. When tea ships arrived in New York and Philadelphia, authorities sent them back without unloading. “Then, on the night of December 16, as
Hutchinson was preparing to seize the tea for nonpayment of the duty, a band of colonists disguised as Indians rowed out to the ships and dumped the tea chest into the harbor” ( American Destiny , 108). This vigorous final crisis is known as the Tea Party. The Patriots defied and infuriated the British, as a huge crowd gathered and cheered the Patriots on. The outlandish acts

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