PADM-501 FOURUM 6 .docx - Based on the American...

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Based on the American “constitution,” which internal and external stakeholders, in the policy making process, possess “constitutional legitimacy” for their role in making public policy? Do entities with explicit power have more influence than those entities with implied powers in making public policy? Should they? Why or why not? According to Milakovich & Gordon (2013), stakeholders are bureaucrats, elected officials, groups of citizens, and organized and unorganized interests affected by the decisions of federal, state, and local governments; those having a stake in the outcome of public policies (p.11). Within the United States, everyone is a stakeholder in some form or fashion. “The U.S. Constitution is silent on the subjects of public administration and management, except to refer to Congress’s legislative authorization and appropriation authority and the president’s responsibility to faithfully execute the laws” (Milakovich & Gordon, 2013 p. 13). Per the United States Constitution, the only stakeholder that has “constitutional legitimacy” is Congress. Congress is

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