February 12 - Historical Context of Judaism Babylonian...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
February 12, 2008 Historical Context of Judaism Babylonian Exile 547-538BC marks period when it is finally no longer anachronistic to speak of “Jews” (people from Judah) “Jew” is not in the Hebrew Bible, only Israelites wasn’t a wholesale movement of people out of Judah less than 1% of people where exiled those who were, were welcomed and treated well given economic freedom (allowed to take jobs) given social freedom (allowed to move about the city at will) allowed to marry and be Israelites, not forced to assimilate however, many began to worship Babylonian gods only people exiled: King, prophets, and priests some maintained hope that they would return to Judah remembered the promise that there would always be a Daviad King does this indicate then end of the world or a new world order? those that were not exiled, all left in Judah and made share-croppers had to give 90% of what they made to the Babylonian overlords Babylon was the most advanced of all ancient cultures lasted until Persians come Persian Period 538-353BC Cyrus welcomed by Babylonians Cyrus has everything returned to the Jews encourages people of Judah to go back and re-established Mashiah (Hebrew): a substintive (adjective used as a noun) meaning oily man-- Messiah The Mysterious Case of Disappearing Zerubbabel Daviad King returning from Exile brings Jesiuh a high priest come to rebuild Judah “Zerubbabel will be the Messiah”- never shows up again in the Bible 331BC Alexander conquers Persia Hellenistic Period begins Alexander the Great’s first battle- defeats Athens and Thebes Aristotle tells Alexander that Greeks are superior both to Macedonians (of which he was) and the Orientals
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern