January 17 - Hebrew Bible(TONOK Old Testament Canon first...

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January 17, 2008 Hebrew Bible (TONOK, Old Testament) Canon: first books considered authoritative for faith and practice faith-belief practice-do root = reed (measuring stick) 90BC- Yavheh Yeshiva Asines : preserved every book in Hebrew Bible (except Nehemiah) multiple versions of all text wiped out in 70AD how do we know we have the purest or divine-inspired version? TONOK Torah: Law (1 st 5 books), 613 mitzvoth (commandments) Navim: the Prophets (minor prophets- the twelve) Kethuvim: writings (Ester- only book in the Bible that doesn’t mention God) Moses Bible mentions that Moses wrote the Torah over 100x source criticism Julius Wellhausen - doubted Moses wrote Torah God called different names in Bible: Yahweh, Elohim, etc. anachronism : person, place, thing or idea that appears out of time context 13th century BC- Moses would be writing about things in the Torah
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Unformatted text preview: that didn’t exist yet. (Abraham, Philistines, and references to iron AND the account of Moses’ death) theory: Torah not written by a single person four sources for the Torah • J → Jawist: every time God is called Yahweh, Kings are written about positively ♦ must have been written in Southern Kingdom where Kings are looked at positively (1010-970BC) • E → Elohists: God called Elohim, Kings negative ♦ written in North (900BC). ..10 Tribes in North • D → Deuteronomic: centralization of worship understood ♦ written in North (622BC). ..Josiah (King, Josiah’s Reform- sacrifices only in temple in Jerusalem) • P → Priestly: deals with Priestly activity (instructions for how to sacrifice animals) ♦ written in South (597-532BC)...
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