Outline 5 - Channels of Participation I

Outline 5 - Channels of Participation I - PLS 301 State...

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PLS 301 State Politics Channels of Participation I Channels of Participation I: Direct Democracy, Public Opinion, Interest Groups I. Direct Democracy – mechanism that allows citizens to directly adopt policy and participate in making decisions (progressive era) A. Recall – occur more frequently in local government rather than state B. Referendum – more common, most constitutional amendments come from referendums, bond issues, gives voters opportunity to have final say on issue 1. Popular referendum 2. Legislative referendum C. Initiative – most extreme way of getting the public involved in public policy 1. Direct initiatives 2. Indirect initiatives II. Public Opinion A. How public opinion can influence public policy, three theories 1. Rational activist model – people choose their legislators rationally on the basis of their issue positions 2. State and local leaders gauge public opinion on issues and act accordingly.
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