Unit 2.pdf - Chapter 3 The War of 1812 and the Monroe Doctrine \u2022 \u2022 \u2022 \u2022 Nationalism vs Sectionalism \u2022 Sectionalism placing the ideals of the

Unit 2.pdf - Chapter 3 The War of 1812 and the Monroe...

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Chapter 3: The War of 1812 and the Monroe Doctrine Nationalism vs Sectionalism Sectionalism: placing the ideals of the states over the nation Nationalism: placing the ideals of a nation over the ideals of the states Sectionalism is the support for nationalism but without nationalism, sectionalism could not stand James Madison (D-R) 1808- 1816 What he faced: I mpressment , policy of forcing seized ships to join the British Navy, from the British The British supplied arms to the Natives of living in the western portion of the US “War Hawks:” referred to young, democratic republicans who usually lived in the south or west of the US They called on Madison to start a war against the British The War of 1812 Started in the spring of 1812 The US has cut its military because the DR believed that there should be a weaker national government, and now the US is not prepared for war Battle of New Orleans Andrew Jackson was the leader/ general of the battle and was proclaimed a national hero The war has no definitive winner because nothing was gained by either side Treaty of Ghent Armistice: the end to a war Consequences of the War The Federalist party comes to an end They were supportive of the British and Americans just fought a war against the British Only 1 political party was in play for about 3 years The US economy starts to do really well Americans relied on themselves to make good they once got from the British Proves that the US is capable of surviving as an independent nation and is here to stay James Monroe (D-R) His presidency is called the “Era of good feelings” People are proud of their country The economy is doing well There is no political divisiveness
Secretary of State: John Quincy Adams (son of John Adams) Goals: Secure the border of the nation Expand the territory of the nation Accomplishments: Organizes the Convention of 1818: establishes the northern border of the US as the 49th Parallel Draws a border on the northern part of the US (still used today) This defines the US as a nation and fosters the idea of national identity, without the borders people could not claim the US as the US Comes to a compromise with the British for the Oregon Territory The British will have control over Organ for a period of 10 years but the US would gradually take over the territory over that 10 year period Adams Onis Treaty We gain Florida from Spain Draws a western border in the US Monroe Doctrine: a warning to all European nations to stay out of the affairs in the western hemisphere He is claiming that the US is establishing itself as the dominant country in this hemisphere This is all said in a speech to Congress Future presidents use this doctrine by name Circumstances: Spain begins to revamp its colonies in the southwest Russia developed trading posts in the New World

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