Mat1101 Tutorial Week 5Application of computer representationsAn Internet Protocol address (IP address) is a numerical bit pattern as-signed to each device (e.g., computer, printer) participating in a com-puter network that uses the internet for communication. An IP addressserves two purposes: 1) host identification and 2) location addressing.IPv4 uses 32-bit (four-bytes) addresses.IPv4 addresses may be writ-ten in any notation expressing a 32-bit integer value, but for humanconvenience, they are most often written in the dot-decimal notation,which consists of four octets of the address expressed individually indecimal and separated by periods. However, IPv4 addresses can also beexpressed in Octal, Decimal, Hexadecimal etc as shown in the Table1.Table 1: The following table shows several representation of the IP Address192.0.2.235FormatValueNotesDotted Decimal192.0.2.235Each 8-bits is expressed as decimalDotted Hexadecimal𝐶0.00.02.𝐸𝐵
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IP address, Internet Protocol address, IPv4 uses 32 bit