Chapter 2.docx - Review Questions 2 What shortcomings of mechanical computation did the introduction of electronic computing devices address The

Chapter 2.docx - Review Questions 2 What shortcomings of...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 3 pages.

Review Questions 2. What shortcomings of mechanical computation did the introduction of electronic computing devices address? The shortcomings of mechanical computations were their complex design and construction; wear, breakdown, and maintenance of mechanical parts; and finally, limits on operating speed. Electronic computations were much more efficient and smaller; instead of gears and wheels to rely on, electronic computations were done by mathematical relationships and circuits which made it faster to complete tasks unlike mechanical devices. Also, electronic devices required less maintenance than mechanical devices. 4. What is a CPU? What are its primary components? The central processing unit (CPU) is a general-purpose processor that executes all instructions and controls all data movement in the computer system. The primary components of the CPU are: the arithmetic logic unit (ALU), the registers, and the control unit. 6. What is main memory? How does it differ from registers? Main memory, also known as primary storage, contains billions of storage locations that stores executing programs as well as data that these programs process. Registers are storage locations in the CPU which can store a single instruction. Registers are used when data is needed immediately or used frequently. Instructions stored the registers are quickly executed and creates less delay unlike the main memory. 8. How does a workstation differ from a desktop computer? A workstation is intended to be a much more powerful system for people like gaming enthusiasts, graphic designers, scientists, statisticians, and engineers, who require more hardware power than a typical user who only does word processing or checks emails. 10. Describe three types of multicomputer configurations. What are their comparative advantages and disadvantages? Cluster – a group of similar or identical computers, connected by a high-speed network, that cooperate to provide services or run a single application. The
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 2
  • Winter '14
  • Mr. Lim
  • Personal computer, UHD Graphics

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon) You can ask 0 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes