Sociology 1: Midterm Review - Lectures u2605 Lecture 1...

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LecturesLecture 1;3 core questions:Identity: How do the groups to which we belong shape what we see, feel and do?Inequality: Which groups get what and why?Integration: How is order and solidarity created within and between groups.Sociological information: connect our personal experiences to society at large and greater historical forces/ develop this tool through reading, writing, thinking and discussionDurkheim vs Tarde Lecture 2: Suicide by Durkheimis stable and predictableVaries systematically by group Types of suicides:Egoistic: about themselves (what should I live for?)Altruistic: too integrated into social group (do everything for group) ex. Kamikaze pilotsAnomic: happens right after large major societal change ex. Social crisisSocial regulation: stable society put limit on aspirations, harmonization of desires and opportunitiesCooperation through fiction- create imaginary worlds, imaginary reality Lecture 3:Thomas Theorem: If men define situations as real, they are real in their consequences. Intersubjectivity: not objective facts, not subjective impressions of one person, shared subjective impressionThe Ascent of the Modern Individual in the West:Traditional Communities:Family & village, labor intensive agri, no specialization/division of labor, homogeneity, collective mentality, self sufficient and isolated, common traditions/religionAgrarian Revolution:Labor intensity of food production decreasesPeople leave towns & move to city (work in industry)Food surplus= sell on marketBuyers produce other things (SPECIALIZATION)Industrial Revolution: Less laborers need for production of one good Surplus of other goods (sell on market)Further division of labor Workers pulled to city= further urbanization
Better transportationScientific revolution Modern SocietyPeople removed from familyHeavy industry, specialization and division of laborHeterogeneityIndividual mentality, market based economy Progress and scientific knowledgeDimensions of Change Differentiation: break down of a homogenous whole into separate parts with distinct characters, skills and functions (no division of labor > divisionof labor)Commodification: an increase in the number of goods and practices that are sold on a market for money (self sufficient and isolation > market based economy )Rationalization: the replacement of dogmas and traditions for individual reasoning in the production of knowledge and order (religion and tradition > science and reason + discipline)Lecture 4:Weber- The protestant ethic and spirit of of capitalism Technological changes make this possible but..

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