body compposition

body compposition - Using Weight Height Metropolitan Life...

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1 Body Composition Using Weight & Height ± Metropolitan Life Insurance Company’s height/weight tables ± Percentage above recommended weight ± Body mass index (BMI) ± Weight (kg) ÷ height (____) ± Kg = 2.2 lbs; m = _____inches Problems with these methods ± No way to tell actual body composition ± A very muscular person could be classified as obese Below 18.5 kg/m 2 = underweight Body Mass Index (BMI)- categories 18.5-24.9 kg/m 2 = normal weight ________kg/m 2 = overweight ____kg/m 2 or more = obesity Body Fatness for Health ± Recommended body fat ± Males ± ____% (don’t go below 7%) ± Females ± 15-25% (don’t go below ___%) ± Health concerns at extremes ± Obesity ± Anorexia Obesity: Definition using %BF ± Definition ± Men ± > 25% fat ± Women ± >___ % fat Body Fat Distribution Increased risk if waist to hip ratio is: > ___for women > ____for men Apple- vs- Pear _________- vs- Gynoid
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2 A waist-to-hip ratio of more than 0.9 for men or 0.8 for women is considered too high. A waist circumference greater than ________cm in men or 88 cm in women significantly increases the risk of obesity- related disease. Girth Measurements Terms ± FM: fat mass (all lipid in body) ± FFM: fat-free mass (everything else… _______mass (BM) + protein mass (PM) + _______(W) Total body fat includes: ± Essential Body Fat (bone marrow, myelin, around organs) ~ 3% minimum ± Sex Specific Body Fat-- women ~ 7% minimum ± _________Body Fat Body Composition Measurement techniques ± Total body _________ ± Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) ± Bone density ± Photon absorptiometry ± Whole body Density ± Underwater weighing ± ______________ ± Thickness of various tissues ± ____________ ± Ultrasound ± DEXA Some of these are lab methods others field methods ± Laboratory methods ± Need very specialized equipment/facilities and not portable to other environments ±
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body compposition - Using Weight Height Metropolitan Life...

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