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Class Notes 1- The New World

Class Notes 1- The New World - approach 4 continents appear...

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The New World Wednesday, August 29, 2007 2:44 PM 1. Pre-contact Societies- new world for everyone! a. Indian - Indian is the name used now, came in three waves to N.A.: 1300 BC, 6000 BC and 3000 BC (Eskimo) b. European c. African 2. Discovery and Exploration a. Portugal - new trade routes, Portuguese (burly and paid from plunder), East African b. Spain - conquistadors, Columbus: the world is round, 1492, 4 explorations, always thought he reached Asia and Vespucci saw that it was a new land 3. The Columbian Exchange a. Diseases - played a major role, 1340's: black death is huge in Europe , Muslims are huge European competitors (1096-1291 Crusades), Muslims trading with Africa and China, Renaissance, Africa is similar to North America but slavery is not as cruel (usually war prisoners) b. Food - high calorie foods going to Europe = population boom! c. People/Culture/Religion I.D.'s Atlantic World A new approach in colonial history to discuss/refer to the trade and travel across the Atlantic in between 4 continents, place and an
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Unformatted text preview: approach, 4 continents appear as one Columbian Exchange Diseases , transmission of people/ideas/diseases (malaria, flu, yellow fever, small pox, plague)/animals/plants, greatest known demographic disaster, 37 million killed by diseases in South America, and 5 million in N.A., Africans desired because of immunity to European and African diseases, syphilis came back to Europe, cassava further empowered the matrilineal society in Africa Going to Europe Going to Americas Livestoc k Cattle, horses Diseases syphilis Malaria, yellow fever, plague, smallpox Crops Potatoes, tobacco, maize, cassava, cocoa Sugar, rice Mississippian Culture 800-1300, imported corn from Mesoamerica, settled semi-urban culture, sophisticated art/religion, mounds to show status and respect, drought/ climate affects hugely (they blame religious people and casus more disjoint societies), use of resources hinder them (running out of wood), disease , more vulnerable to Europe because of their wealth...
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