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Book Notes- Chapter 13

Book Notes- Chapter 13 - Chapter 13 The Crisis of the Union...

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Chapter 13: The Crisis of the Union Wednesday, November 14, 2007 4:39 PM 1844-1860 1. Manifest Destiny: South and North a. The Independence of Texas i. Great American Desert ii. Occupied by mostly Indians and claimed by Spain iii. Became a buffer zone against French settlements along the Mississippi iv. Austin Family: Texas Pioneers and Speculators 1. US gov't used lavish land grants to attract Mexican and American settlers 2. Moses Austin was a grantee and took a paternal outlook on the settlers 3. His son Stephen Austin acquired a great deal of land from the Mexican government 4. American settlers split into two groups a. "Peace Party" led by Stephen, content with Mexican rule b. "War Party" comprised of recent migrants from GA, demanded independence 5. March 2, 1839: American settlers proclaimed independence of TX and adopted a pro-slavery constitution v. Rebellion and War 1. President Santa Anna wanted to put the rebellion down himself 2. Battle of the Alamo: Americans defeated, but romanticized in the US 3. Mexicans were depicted in a bad light and many Americans went to help the effort in TX b. The Push to the Pacific i. Oregon 1. Ohio River Valley residents coveted the land 2. Fur traders and settlers
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3. 1842: interest increased, Navy had a report about the harbors promoting China trade, mild climate and fertile soil reported by some travelers as well 4. "Oregon Fever" 5. Oregon Trail ii. California 1. Mexican province 2. Sparsely populated by natives or Mexicans 3. Commerce increased after Mexico won independence from Spain 4. Mexican gov't took liberated missions and the Indians working on them 5. Cattle ranching c. The Fateful Election of 1844 i. Determined American gov't policy towards CA, OR, TX ii. Southerners wanted the annexation of TX iii. Ohio River Valley and Great Lakes States organized "Oregon Conventions" that called the federal gov't to end joint occupation of the region w/ Britain iv. Northern Democrats demanded expansion in Oregon and Southern Democrats wanted annexation of TX (had support of Pres.
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