Class Notes 9- Imperial Crisis (9-20)

Class Notes 9- Imperial Crisis (9-20) - Imperial Crisis...

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Imperial Crisis Thursday, September 20, 2007 9:27 AM 1. Reform, Reaction, and Retreat i. George Grenville: begins a series of acts ii. Reform issues: 1. 1st legislation is the quartering act: colonists pay for their own  defense and they end up providing for the British troops that they  don't even want 2. Sugar Act: established a tax on sugar, dealt with the smuggling of  molasses (which had a high tax at that time), tax on molasses was  lowered which made molasses enforced and made the prices go up 3. Vice courts that dealt with custom relations and there was no trial by  jury, appointed judge 4. Currency Act: lots of paper money and coins circulating after the  French/Indian War, told colonists that they were not permitted to  print their own money i.  The Stamp Act (1765) 1. Similar to a recent act passed in Britain, purchase a stamp for any  printed material circulating in the colonies 2. "Internal tax" 3. Only for the generation of revenue, represented by "virtual  representation" (Atlantic merchants and West Indian Planters represent  colonist in Parliament), issue of limited communication with the colonists  anyways, also Ireland is not represented so the issue of direct  representation is foreign to the British 4. Idea of sovereignty 5. Colonial reaction is swift and multifaceted 1. 1765: Stamp Act Congress created, urged repeal of stamp  act, reestablished their right to trial by jury, still pledging loyalty to  the king at this point 2. Merchants responded by boycotting, many others follow, 
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