psy220-1-1 (1).pdf - find more resources at oneclass.com Slide What is Social Psychology Focuses on how social situations can influence the thoughts

psy220-1-1 (1).pdf - find more resources at oneclass.com...

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Slide: What is Social Psychology? Focuses on how social situations can influence the thoughts, feelings and behaviors of an individual So focused on the individual level Power of the situation is an important term this semester Slide: Similar Fields Not the same as these things Personality Psychology: focuses on individual differences in characteristics patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving o e.g edžtroǀersioŶ, ǁhat does it ŵeaŶ ǁheŶ LJou’re edžtroǀerted ǀs. shLJ Sociology: Focuses on behavior of communities and groups, NOT individuals o e.g ǁhat’s the ďest politiĐal sLJsteŵ? What does it ŵeaŶ to ďe feŵale ǀs. ŵale? Focused on the individual; Not so much focused on communities and groups, unless its their ability to impact the individual directly Slide: Social Psychology Social psychology is really about THE POWER OF THE SITUATION Reason that this is important is become often: Failure to recognize the importance of situation influences & tendency to overemphasize the importance of dispositions on behavior This is so common that it has a name Fundamental Attribution Error o We attriďute people’s ďehaǀiour ŵore ofteŶ thaŶ Ŷot to iŶterŶal ĐharaĐteristiĐs and we forget about the social and contextual factors that are guiding their behavior and that can be a fundamental mistake Slide: THE POWER OF THE SITUATION [clip] illustration of the power of the situation man in the elevator follows the behavior of those who are already in the elevator ǁe assuŵe there’s soŵe Ŷorŵ ǁe ŵight Ŷot kŶoǁ ǁe doŶ’t alǁaLJs remember the power that other people have over us So always remember that we may think of ourselves as this individual, autonomous person, ǁe’re iŶflueŶĐed greatlLJ ďLJ our soĐial ĐoŶtedžt . Slide: Understanding Human Behavior 1. Most people will disobey a person in authority who orders them to hurt a stranger 2. First-born children are less rebellious than later-born children 3. In romantic relationships, opposites attract 4. In an emergency, the more people there are around, the more likely you are to get help
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Slide: Understanding Human Behavior 1. Most people will disobey a person in authority who orders them to hurt a stranger FALSE Milgram Study o He had middle and upper class men come into a lab, had an experimenter who was wearing a lab coat and he said the study would be about the effect of punishment on learning o Had a confederate/learner and then the authority figure o Learner is going to have to memorize stuff o Administer shocks for each mistake that the learner made, starting at 15 volts, but going up to 450 volts o The learŶer ǁasŶ’t aĐtuallLJ reĐeiǀiŶg shots, it ǁas aŶ aĐtor Slide: Milgram Study Predictions about % of participants who would give a 450-volt shock: people thought o Yale undergrads: 1% o Middle-class adults: 1% o Yale psychiatrists: 1% Actual sample: o
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