Class Notes 20- Slavery in Southern Society (11-13)

Class Notes 20- Slavery in Southern Society (11-13) -...

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Slavery in Southern Society Tuesday, November 13, 2007 9:30 AM Time Period: 1820-1860 Today's ID's: I.D. Who What When Where Significance "King Cotton" South in mutually dependent on the North and Great Britain Cotton was king, myths developed from the 18-teens-on (happy slaves, relaxed lifestyle, black males accommodating and well-meaning and loyal and happy-go- lucky mindset) Sea-island cotton: grown on coast and only on coast 1793: cotton gin, takes seeds from cotton and allows it to expand Early 1800's: decent amount produced 1860: HUGE amount of cotton produced Driven by geographic spread of slavery Not involved in 1800's South Why was cotton the staple crop? (see notes below)
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manufacturing Motivated by Capitalism Domestic Slave Trade Slave families separated through this trade, export slaves Slaves taken from the old plantation regions to the Old Southwest Cotton is starting to take hold: FL smuggles in from Spain, Texas Can't get slaves from old slave trade (outlawed in Britain in 1807) Anti-slave trade: taking aggressive action to put slaves back in Africa Slaves coming from Domestic Slave Trade 1810's- 1860 Coastal route (SC, VA to New Orleans), Overland Route (to old Southwest) Continue the slave trade even when external trade is no longer permitted Undergroun d Railroad Harriett Tubman (slave herself who had runaway, famous conductor, went back over and over- not free) Free blacks in the south, coastal Away from formalized system
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