Class Notes 7- Social and Religious Conflict

Class Notes 7- Social and Religious Conflict - The New...

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The New World Wednesday, August 29, 2007 2:44 PM 1. Pre-contact Societies- new world for everyone! a. Indian - Indian is the name used now, came in three waves to N.A.: 1300 BC, 6000 BC and 3000 BC (Eskimo) b. European c. African 2. Discovery and Exploration a. Portugal - new trade routes, Portuguese (burly and paid from plunder), East African b. Spain - conquistadors, Columbus: the world is round, 1492, 4 explorations, always thought he reached Asia and Vespucci saw that it was a new land 3. The Columbian Exchange a. Diseases - played a major role, 1340's: black death is huge in Europe , Muslims are huge European competitors (1096-1291 Crusades), Muslims trading with Africa and China, Renaissance, Africa is similar to North America but slavery is not as cruel (usually war prisoners) b. Food - high calorie foods going to Europe = population boom! c. People/Culture/Religion I.D.'s Atlantic World A new approach in colonial history to discuss/refer to the trade and travel across the Atlantic in between 4 continents, place and an approach, 4 continents appear as one Columbian Exchange Diseases , transmission of people/ideas/diseases (malaria, flu, yellow fever, small pox, plague)/animals/plants, greatest known demographic disaster, 37 million killed by diseases in South America, and 5 million in N.A., Africans desired because of immunity to European and African diseases, syphilis came back to Europe, cassava further empowered the matrilineal society in Africa Going to Europe Going to Americas
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Livestoc k Cattle, horses Diseases syphilis Malaria, yellow fever, plague, smallpox Crops Potatoes, tobacco, maize, cassava, cocoa Sugar, rice Mississippian Culture 800-1300, imported corn from Mesoamerica, settled semi-urban culture, sophisticated art/religion, mounds to show status and respect, drought/ climate affects hugely (they blame religious people and casus more disjoint societies), use of resources hinder them (running out of wood), disease , more vulnerable to Europe because of their wealth The Beginnings of Imperial Rivalries Wednesday, August 29, 2007 3:20 PM 1. The Rise and Fall of the Spanish Empire a. Conquistadors i. Cortés (1519), unauthorized expedition, wants gold and silver, richest man in Spain (died 1547), greeted fairly well ii. Pizarro conquers Incans with 180 men in 1530 iii. deSoto took Mississippi, died there and dumped, natives hated him, he took concubines from the Indians (circa 1540's- Mississippian culture height had passed) b. The Nature of the Spanish Colonial Project i. Looking to make money, only brought men, established sugar cane colonies (got African slaves to fund them), much more harsh than in North America, kept importing slaves, ii. In Mesoamerica the mestizo breed of people were abundant, created a caste system, Spanish were held in high regard even though they were seen as racially liberal
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iii. Government- strong control over the colonies, large number of catholic priests came over and tried to convert natives unlike North America c. Spanish Settlements in North America i. Mostly meso/south America, 1565 French Huguenots settlement off coast of the Carolinas and Spain felt threatened so they attacked, Spain also settled at St. Augustine
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2008 for the course HIST 2111 taught by Professor Winship during the Fall '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Class Notes 7- Social and Religious Conflict - The New...

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