0 1 Prehistoric Era.ppt - AP WORLD HISTORY PERIOD 0 CHAPTER...

This preview shows page 1 - 9 out of 37 pages.

AP WORLD HISTORYPERIOD 0 / CHAPTER 1PREHISTORIC ERA
PALEOLITHIC ERA 2.5 MILLION - 12,000 BCEThe human species has existed for about 2.5 million years.Hunting and Gathering: over 99% of human existence has relied on this.Paleolithic Era: time before people developed stationary civilizations and settled down to live in one place. Hominids: members of the family of humans (includes Homo Sapiens Sapiens)
HUNTER-GATHERERSPeople who were tied to the seasons of plants (for food) that occurred naturally. People were tied to the migration of animals. A hunter-gatherer migrated from place to place throughout the year to gather food they could find and hunt animals they could find “nomads”.
CHARACTERISTICS OF PALEOLITHIC AGESimple tool use (rocks and sticks) for hunting and warfareUse of controlled fire for cookingPopulation distribution all over the worldPopulation growthEstimated to be at 1.5 million humans by 100,000 years agoEmergence of speechHomo erectus (100,000 years ago) began to transmit oral speech
PROBLEMS WITH HUNTING AND GATHERINGPopulation growth is small overallGathering nuts and berries cannot support large populationsGiving birth could be dangerous for womenNursing is a natural form of birth controlWomen had to care for infants, which took time away to do other choresLabor-intensive dangerous life styleHad to roam widely for foodHad to stalk and kill prey
ORIGINS OF HUMANS1.Where did the human species originate from?2.What are most “sites” of humans located by?
NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION6,000-4,000 BCEThe Neolithic Revolution is the transition from hunting and gathering to agricultural settlement.Major developments: Invention of agriculture Creation of cities Increased population growth
INVENTION OF AGRICULTUREHumans deliberately planned to harvest plants, grains and vegetables for later harvest.People began domesticating (raising for food) animals (pigs, sheep, goats, cattle).Metal tools were developed for planting and harvesting.Slash-and-burn Agriculture: used slash-and-burn agriculture to clear more land to make it suitable for plants and animals by creating crop fields and pastures.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture