Book Notes- Chapter 10 - Chapter 10 A Democratic Revolution...

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Chapter 10- A Democratic Revolution Friday, November 02, 2007 11:11 PM 1820-1844 1. The Rise of Popular Politics, 1820-1829 i. Expansion of the franchise was the most dramatic symbol of the Democratic Revolution i. The Decline of the Notables and the Rise of Parties i. Northern landlords, slave-owning planters, and seaport merchants continued to dominate ii. The Advance of Democracy 1. Notables challenged 2. Many states had instituted white male suffrage, others freeholder suffrage iii. Martin Van Buren and the Rise of Parties 1. Political parties encouraged debate on issues of government policy 2. As noble powers waned, political power increased 3. Defended legitimacy of political parties 4. Wanted to create a party of his own 5. Created a spoils system 6. Insisted on party discipline ii. The Election of 1824 i. Federalist party disappeared after the War of 1812 ii. Five Republican candidates: Adams, Calhoun, Crawford, Clay, Jackson iii. Clay promoted the American System iv. Jackson was the hero of the battle of New Orleans v. House of Representatives had to decide vi. Clay used his seat as Speaker to sway to election to Adams, Clay then appointed as secretary of state iii. The Last Notable President: John Quincy Adams i. Resistance to the American System 1. Manufacturers/entrepreneurs/growers welcomed Adam's policies 2. Little support in the south
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3. American System sometimes rejected on constitutional grounds ii. The Tariff Battle 1.
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