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Running head: RESEARCH CRITIQUE1NUR 500 Research CritiqueLori A. TeleisLiberty University
RESEARCH CRITIQUE2Part I: ComprehensionIntroductionIn the article, The Influence of Work-Related Fatigue, Work Conditions, and Personal Characteristics on Intent to Leave Among New Nurses, the authors accurately summarize their findings from a study to find out the extent to which work-related fatigue, working conditions, and personal characteristics impacted a new nurse’s intent to leave the job. The authors have the following qualifications: Yi Liu, PhD, RN, Li-Min Wu, PhD, RN, and Pi-Ling Chou, PhD, RN are all Assistant Professors at the School of Nursing at Kaohsiung Medical University in Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Mei-Hsin Chen, MSN, RN is the Director of the Department of Nursing at Kaohsiung Medical University Chung-Ho Memorial Hospital in Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Li-Chien Yang, MSN, RN is the Head Nurse of the School of Nursing at Chi-Mei Medical Center in Tainan, Taiwan; and Hsin-Tien Hsu, PhD, RN is the Associate Professor at the School of Nursingat Kaohsiung Medical University in Kaohsiung, Taiwan. The abstract provides a consistent and good overview of the content. The purpose of the study is clearly identified in the two aims. The design and methods were stated as being a cross-sectional survey study of 162 nurses using structural equation modelling for data analysis. The findings were specific to each of the categories that were studied: work conditions, work-related fatigue, and personal characteristics. The study concluded that work-related fatigue was the major determinant of intent to leave among new nurses, and clinical relevance was also addressed in the abstract, making it a very thorough picture of what this study was about. Problem/PurposeThe problem identified in this article is the high turnover rate among new nurses, stating that over half of new nurses leave their jobs within the first two years of practice. The authors
RESEARCH CRITIQUE3provide adequate background to the support the problem by discussing the classifications of work-related fatigue and the effects it has on the nurses, working conditions such as overtime and workload that can contribute to nurses’ dissatisfaction, and what personal characteristics of new nurses can contribute to their intent to leave. The authors state that the aim of the study is twofold, to a) test the fit of the hypothesized model for new nurses’ intent to leave (ITL), and b) determine the extent to which personal characteristics, work conditions, and work-related fatiguepredict ITL among new nurses. Literature ReviewThis article contains 32 references. Fourteen of them are current within the last 10 years, and four of them are current within the last five years. The authors critique the studies that they cite by pointing out limitations such as it being a cross-sectional study, fatigue level being measure at only one point in time, not being able to confirm directional causality, not being able to apply random sampling, and several others. The authors summarize their literature review by