Class Notes 18- Jacksonian America, Part 2 (10-30)

Class Notes 18- Jacksonian America, Part 2 (10-30) - The...

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The New World Wednesday, August 29, 2007 2:44 PM 1. Pre-contact Societies-  new world for everyone! a. Indian - Indian is the name used now, came in three waves to N.A.: 1300 BC,  6000 BC and 3000 BC (Eskimo) b. European c. African 2. Discovery and Exploration a. Portugal - new trade routes, Portuguese (burly and paid from plunder), East  African b. Spain - conquistadors, Columbus: the world is round, 1492, 4 explorations,  always thought he reached Asia and Vespucci saw that it was a new land 3. The Columbian Exchange a. Diseases - played a major role, 1340's: black death is huge in Europe , Muslims  are huge European competitors (1096-1291 Crusades), Muslims trading with Africa  and China, Renaissance, Africa is similar to North America but slavery is not as  cruel (usually war prisoners) b. Food - high calorie foods going to Europe = population boom! c. People/Culture/Religion     I.D.'s Atlantic World A new approach in colonial history to discuss/refer to the trade and travel  across the Atlantic in between 4 continents, place and an approach, 4  continents appear as one   Columbian Exchange Diseases , transmission of people/ideas/diseases (malaria, flu, yellow fever,  small pox, plague)/animals/plants, greatest known demographic disaster, 37  million killed by diseases in South America, and 5 million in N.A., Africans  desired because of immunity to European and African diseases, syphilis  came back to Europe, cassava further empowered the matrilineal society in  Africa   Going to Europe Going to Americas
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Livestoc k   Cattle, horses Diseases syphilis Malaria, yellow fever, plague, smallpox Crops Potatoes, tobacco, maize, cassava,  cocoa Sugar, rice   Mississippian Culture 800-1300, imported corn from Mesoamerica, settled semi-urban culture,  sophisticated art/religion, mounds to show status and respect,  drought/climate affects hugely (they blame religious people and casus more  disjoint societies), use of resources hinder them (running out of wood),  disease , more vulnerable to Europe because of their wealth The Beginnings of Imperial Rivalries Wednesday, August 29, 2007 3:20 PM 1. The Rise and Fall of the Spanish Empire a. Conquistadors   i. Cort é s (1519), unauthorized expedition, wants gold and silver,  richest man in Spain (died 1547), greeted fairly well  ii. Pizarro conquers Incans with 180 men in 1530  iii. deSoto took Mississippi, died there and dumped, natives hated him,  he took concubines from the Indians (circa 1540's- Mississippian culture  height had passed) b. The Nature of the Spanish Colonial Project i. Looking to make money, only brought men, established sugar cane  colonies (got African slaves to fund them), much more harsh than in North 
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