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Unformatted text preview: The Constitution and the New Republic Thursday, October 04, 2007 9:25 AM 1. The Constitution A. Compromises i. 1787: something must be done, the central government is not strong enough ii. Meet in May in Philadelphia to come up with a revision for the articles of confederation 1. Decide to throw out the articles of confederation and write the constitution 2. Spend the majority of the summer coming up with compromises iii. Discrepancy in Republicanism: trying to protect the government from the people (Shay's rebellion) iv. Strong central government under certain checks and balances v. Washington elected as President of the convention, Franklin is also there (Jefferson and Adams are serving as ambassadors), Madison became an important figure in the constitutional convention vi. Madison 1. Already has his plan worked out: Virginia plan a. Very strong central government b. Each state given one vote c. 2 house legislature: lower house voted in by the people d. Upper house is elected by the members of the lower house e. Smaller states had no guarantee that they would have representatives in the upper house f. President has veto power over state legislation g. People have no role in choosing the president at all 2. Makes people mad: small states and states concerned about states rights (NY, PA- involved states) vii. New Plan: New Jersey Plan 1. Revision of the Articles of Confederation 2. 1 rep per state 3. Power to tax and regulate external commerce granted viii. Delegates lean towards the VA plan ix. Keep the 3part government (legislature, judiciary, executive) 1. Representatives elected by the people 2. Senators elected by the state legislatures 3. President elected by the electoral college 4. Judiciary appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate x. People are being protected from the government with the checks/balances, also have no direct election of senators/electoral college/etc. to protect from the peoplecollege/etc....
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