Pysch Notes sept. 17.docx - Cognitive Biases False consensus effect refers to the tendency for people to overestimate the extent to which others share

Pysch Notes sept. 17.docx - Cognitive Biases False...

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Cognitive Biases False consensus effect refers to the tendency for people to overestimate the extent to which others share their opinions, attributes and behaviors. In other words, people often overestimate the similarities perceived between themselves, and others when considering their own beliefs, characteristics and behaviors. This is a positively correlated relationship The availability heuristic is a cognitive heuristic (mental rule of thumb or short cut to decision making), that refers to the tendency to estimate the likelihood that an event will occur by how easily instances of it come to mind. For example, people normally will say that there are more words that start with the letter r when it is r in the third letter. People tend to think this because words that start with are normally come to mind before r in the third position. Message Framing (Gains VS Loses) & Decision-making errors about probability.
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