Class Notes 5- British North America

Class Notes 5- British North America - British North...

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British North America Tuesday, September 04, 2007 9:13 AM 1. Role of the West Indies Rely heavily on the North American colonies for supplies (specifically New  England), 78% of population by 1700 are slaves (as compared to 2% and 13%  of N. England and Chesapeake), West Indies first inhabited by Spanish but  they find that the Islands are too small and not profitable to them, became  pirate outposts and then settler colonies but tobacco was not profitable, sugar  was very expensive to manufacture so they got slaves to do the heavy labor  for them, originally the British learned the sugar trade via the Dutch in Brazil,  "economic engine" of the British empire (sugar industry), most slaves taken to  Barbados since it was closest to Africa (key island),  2. Southern Colonies a. South Carolina Much more like the Caribbean because of slave labor, Charles II gave away  much of SC to 8 proprietor lords in England, recruited men from Barbados who  also brought poor classes, some from Jamaica, sugar cannot grow and neither  can tobacco (already monopolized), series of Indian alliances occur as well as  conflicts, 1762 Charleston is established (Charles-town), aggressive action  towards Spain, Important export items: deerskins and Indian slaves (early SC  cash items), Cherokee Indians are trying to avoid conflict and migrate over 
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