Post-midterm Essay Topics
What was the role of the 2
party system in putting off a conflict over slavery? How did
the demise of the 2
party system contribute to a split in the country over slavery?
Split over slavery
Separated into Whigs and Democrats
Whigs: Clay, Webster, Calhoun, Tyler, middle class, northeast residents, business
elites, federalists, elite planters in the south
Democrats: Catholics, Irish, Germans, Jackson, Van Buren, farmers, debtors,
artisans from NE, white south
Both parties “protected” against special interests
Whigs: reform movements (abolition, women’s rights, temperance), “Whig” from
glorious revolution, Anti-Jacksonian
Democrats: liberal with personal morality issues, low tariffs, states rights,
slavery, Indian removal
Each party offered clear-cut choices on issues by appealing to cultural groups
Occurred in the Mid-1800’s
Delayed the issue of slavery: divided based on socioeconomic status and not
north/south, this was all altered when the westward expansion was factored in
“Spirit of ‘76”: Which side- North or South- in the Civil War had the best claim to be
upholding the legacy of the founders?
Who is upholding the founding positions?
South: direct relation to the Revolution, went back to the American Declaration