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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 2- The Invasion and Settlement of North America Saturday, August 25, 2007 8:40 PM 1550-1700 The Rival Imperial Models of Spain, France and Holland 1. New Spain: Colonization and Conversion a. Hunt for gold in south/southwestern America b. Francisco Vásquez de Coronado tried to find the seven golden cities, just found Indians and new lands c. Hernán de Soto lead a bloody trail with his army of 600 people but found no gold d. Gave up the search for gold (1560) and focused on empire defense e. Established St. Augustine f. Franciscan Missions 1. Friars became the tools for conversion 2. Attacked natives' culture; anything but peaceful 3. Whipped Indians that practiced polygamy g. Popé and the Pueblo Revolt of 1680 1. Natives were compliant at first but then returned to old traditions when Christianity didn't satisfy 2. Warfare between Spaniards and Indians in 1598 3. Troops lead by Juan de Oñate attacked Pueblos 4. Left New Mexico but returned and founded Santa Fe in 1610 5. Popé encouraged rebellion, were beaten back, rebelled again in 1696 and were subdued 6. Raids by the English destroyed many Spanish missions in Florida 2. New France: Furs, Souls and Warfare a. Tried to convert Natives to Catholicism b. First permanent settlement in 1608 (Samuel de Champlain- Quebec) c. King Louis XIV started to send over indentured servants; few came d. Louis also drafted many people into the military, and barred Huguenots e. The Rise of the Iroquois 1. French triggered epidemics 2. Sparked a series of deadly wars by bartering guns/furs; The Five Iroquois were prime enemies (Senecas, Cayugas, Onondagas, Oniedas and Mohawks) 3. Iroquois waged a series of wars against other Iroquoian-speaking peoples 4. Traditional Iroquois broke their bond with the French and formed alliances with the English called the Covenant Chain (1670's), hunted beaver furs and pushed many tribes out of their native lands f. The Jesuit Missions 1. Understood and respected the Indian's (Hurons) values (members of the...
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2008 for the course HIST 2111 taught by Professor Winship during the Fall '08 term at UGA.
- Fall '08
- Civil War