Book Notes- Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 The Invasion and...

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Chapter 2- The Invasion and Settlement of North America Saturday, August 25, 2007 8:40 PM 1550-1700   The Rival Imperial Models of Spain, France and Holland 1. New Spain: Colonization and Conversion a. Hunt for gold in south/southwestern America b. Francisco V á squez de Coronado tried to find the seven golden cities, just found  Indians and new lands c. Hern á n de Soto lead a bloody trail with his army of 600 people but found no gold d. Gave up the search for gold (1560) and focused on empire defense e. Established St. Augustine f. Franciscan Missions     1. Friars became the tools for conversion 2. Attacked natives' culture; anything but peaceful 3. Whipped Indians that practiced polygamy g. Pop é  and the Pueblo Revolt of 1680     1. Natives were compliant at first but then returned to old traditions when  Christianity didn't satisfy 2. Warfare between Spaniards and Indians in 1598 3. Troops lead by Juan de O ñ ate attacked Pueblos 4. Left New Mexico but returned and founded Santa Fe in 1610 5. Pop é  encouraged rebellion, were beaten back, rebelled again in 1696  and were subdued 6. Raids by the English destroyed many Spanish missions in Florida 2. New France: Furs, Souls and Warfare a. Tried to convert Natives to Catholicism b. First permanent settlement in 1608 (Samuel de Champlain- Quebec) c. King Louis XIV started to send over indentured servants; few came d. Louis also drafted many people into the military, and barred Huguenots e. The Rise of the Iroquois     1. French triggered epidemics 2. Sparked a series of deadly wars by bartering guns/furs; The Five Iroquois  were prime enemies (Senecas, Cayugas, Onondagas, Oniedas and Mohawks) 3. Iroquois waged a series of wars against other Iroquoian-speaking peoples
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4. Traditional Iroquois broke their bond with the French and formed alliances  with the English called the Covenant Chain (1670's), hunted beaver furs and  pushed many tribes out of their native lands f. The Jesuit Missions     1. Understood and respected the Indian's (Hurons) values (members of the  Society of Jesus) 2.
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