Class Notes 6- Political and Economic Development in the British Empire

Class Notes 6- Political and Economic Development in the British Empire

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Political and Economic Development In the British Empire Thursday, September 06, 2007 9:43 AM Tools:  South Atlantic System Map   1. Origins of Imperial Oversight i. Hodgepodge of governments in the colonies i. Mercantilism i. Idea that there is a fixed amount of wealth in the world and Britain  thought it had to be taken from other countries to gain more wealth,  Dutch takes over much of the trade after Spain and next is France,  constant fighting for more wealth among the countries, colonies are not  to enrich people or proprietors, they are there to increase wealth of the  home country ii. Anglo-Dutch Conflict i. Dutch took an early lead once Spain began to decline, had trade  routes to Africa and India, England and Dutch are taking over  Spanish/Portuguese empire properties, shipping was cheaper and more  resources were available, Dutch had cheaper shipping costs (Britain  was not pleased), Dutch dominate slave trade ii. Fight over trade issues 1652-1674, leads to a slow decline of Dutch  commercial interest (lose New Amsterdam and control over slave trade) iii. England feels the need to control their colonies with a firmer hand,  interest in a series of legislation and develop. .. iii. The Navigation Acts i. Late 1600's to 1751 (see chart in book for general gist of the policy) ii. Only able to trade with England, creates greater control and forces  colonies to produce only for England 2. The Glorious Revolution i. Background i. Protestant or Catholic on the throne still up in the air, crown 
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Class Notes 6- Political and Economic Development in the British Empire

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