1 - Lecture(9/1 Lecture 3 Realism(1 To sign up for takenote...

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Lecture (9/1) Lecture 3: Realism (1) To sign up for takenote : go to cornell store, or email [email protected] Fukuyama article in the NYtimes: war was an individual choice of the republican party refers to concept of Jacksonian America (Andrew Jackson : will meet Jacksonian America in reading #13) article is on blackboard; not quite clear whether author is confused or smart he says bush makes a choice; it is not a tradition wiltsonian – idealist one war was president’s choice, but then he talks about a coalition of forces which makes the war possible, so it is something about choice and a little about constraint and it is hard to figure out how big the fish is ; to which extent is it choice and to which extent is it constraint to go to war. Is the tradition a constraint or is the tradition a tool something, which enables you to do things (implicitly raised in article). 1. REVIEW AND READINGS we talked about relationship between theory and data (baseball metaphor) theories help us to perceive the world; evidence is inconclusive; evidence is relevant but rarely conclusive; this course is about eclectic theorizing (using several different theories to make sense out of world) constraints and choices (t-shirt with fishes) waltz is a distinguished scholar on IR, talks about 2 kinds of theories (systemic and reductionist) – believes in power of systemic theories (big fish theorist; big structure explaining a whole lot about the world) ; doesn’t say that small fish don’t have something to say about the world, they are too fine grain to make sense out of big picture; he thinks a little like an economist who looks at structure of market to determine how firms behave. Gilpin – talks about what happened between Athens and Sparta during Peloponnesian war (culturally predisposed to like Athens). What’s the role of hegemonic war? Athens loses big in hegemonic war. Athens also sends out a navy to Sicily; wants to conquer Sicily bad idea; there are some analogies from then to now. 2. HISTORY AS IMPLICIT THEORY much of evidence we use is historical data. Whose history? Winners or losers? Vietnam is very pro-America even though we slaughtered them during Vietnam War – reason is because they won the war. On losing side war is like a sore, it hurts. Winning or losing makes a lot of difference – be aware of that perspective. What kinds of historical data do we use? Visual impressions are much much stronger than printed ones. History comes in
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many different forms (so does historical data) what kinds of lessons do we learn from history? What did Japanese learn from Hiroshima and Nagasaki? Lessons we and they learned are dramatically different, and both sides think the other learned the wrong lesson. We think we saved lives, Japanese think we made a mistake. Societies learn very different lessons.
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1 - Lecture(9/1 Lecture 3 Realism(1 To sign up for takenote...

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