Cold War origins Tehran Conference [November 1943] - the big three reaffirmed their determination to crush Germany. Discussed poland's post war borders. Crafted a strategy to win the war. Yalta Conference [February 1945]- Allies agreed that each of the victorious powers would occupy a separate zone of Germany. Germans would pay heavy reparations to the Soviets. Potsdam Conference [July 1945]- Long avoided differences over Eastern Europe finally surged to the fore. Big Three: Churchill, FDR, Stalin- r eaffirmed determination to crush Germany and searched for military strategy. “Iron curtain” [March 1946 speech]- dividing Germany and all of Europe into two antagonistic camps Truman Doctrine [Mar. 1947]- America's policy geared to containing communism to those countries already under soviet control. Resist the expansion of communism anywhere on the globe. Called aid to Greece, turkey. Containment - American determination to enforce containment hardened when the soviets exploded their own bomb in 1949. Marshall plan [June 1947]- American plan for providing economic aid to western europe to help it rebuild Berlin blockade and Berlin airlift - Western allies violated peace accords and in response Stalin blocked all traffic through the soviet zone of Germany to Berlin in attempt to reunify the city under Soviet control. Western allies coordinated around the clock flights of hundreds of planes over soviet roadblocks supplying provisions to west berliners and thwarting Soviet efforts to swallow up the western half of the city. After 324 days, berlin airlift had proven successful and the soviets backed down. NATO - The North Atlantic Treaty Organization,an anti-soviet military alliance of western governments Warsaw pact - Soviet backed military alliance of eastern european nations. Soviets counter to West germany alling with the West. Divided Europe into two hostile blocs. Western Europe Decolonization- The postwar reversal of europe's overseas expansion caused by the rising demand of the colonized peoples themselves, the declining power of European nations and the freedoms promised by U.S. and Soviet deals Neocolonialism- a system designed to perpetuate Western economic domination and undermine promise of political independence, thereby extending to Africa the economic subordination Christian Democrats- Center-right political parties that rose to power in western Europe after the Second WW
Welfare state- i ndustries were nationalized and government provided free medical service; social reform accompanied political transformation. anti poverty programs intended to aid all poor Americans and bring great economic equality to America OPEC- The arab-led organization of petroleum exporting countries. Watched the price of crude
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- Fall '19
- Cold War