Jean Price Rwandan Genocide (1).doc - RWANDAN GENOCIDE 1 Rwandan Genocide Jean Price Excelsior College August 9 2019 RWANDAN GENOCIDE 2 Genocide The

Jean Price Rwandan Genocide (1).doc - RWANDAN GENOCIDE 1...

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RWANDAN GENOCIDE 1 Rwandan Genocide Jean Price Excelsior College August 9, 2019
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RWANDAN GENOCIDE 2 Genocide The Rwandan genocide occurred in 1994 and lasted 100 days during which time between 800,000 and 1 million people were killed. The conflict was between the minority ethnic group the Tutsi and the majority ethnic group the Hutu. The Tutsi and Hutu are very similar, they speak the same language, follow the same traditions, and inhabited the same land. The Tutsi Nyinginya clan became the dominant kingdom in Rwanda from the mid-18 th century. King Kigeli Rwabugiri implemented an expansion of the kingdom and grew it west and north. But the administrative reforms he established caused a rift to grow between the Hutu and the Tutsi clans. Germany was granted colonial rule of Rwanda in 1884 and the Germans favored the Tutsi over the Hutu because they believed that the Tutsi were migrants from Ethiopia and thus racially superior to the Hutu. In 1935 Belgium (who took over control during WW1) required all Rwandans to carry identity cards that labeled them Hutu or Tutsi or Twa. At one point, wealthy Hutu could become honorary Tutsi but the identity cards put an end to that. After WWII the Catholic church took the plight of the Hutu as its charge and began empowering the underprivileged Hutu; eventually establishing a large Hutu clergy and an educated elite that started to push back against the political establishment. In 1957 a group of Hutu scholars wrote a document called the Bahutu Manifesto which declared the two ethnic groups separate races and demanded a transfer of power from Tutsi back to Hutu. In 1960 the Belgian government
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