The origins of language 2.pdf - The origins of language Unit(4 the sounds of language Phonetics Manner of articulation 1 Stops[p[t[k = voiceless[b[d[g =

The origins of language 2.pdf - The origins of language...

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The origins of language Unit (4) the sounds of language Phonetics: Manner of articulation : 1. Stops: [p],[t],[k] = voiceless [b],[d],[g] = voiced For stops we have complete stopping of the airstream and then letting them go suddenly. 2. Fricatives: [f],[θ],[s],[Š] = voiceless [v],[δ],[z],[Ž] = voiced We block the air stream and have the air push through a narrow opening to make a friction like noise. 3. Africates (a stop + a fricative): [Č] = voiceless; [Ĵ] = voiced A brief stopping plus an obstructed release. 4. Nasals: [m],[n],[ŋ] = voiced Here the velum is open and the air is allowed to go through the nasal cavity. 5. Approximantes: [w],[y] = semivowels or glides (+ V) [l],[r] = liquids(+ V) [h] = voiceless [w, y] are sometimes called semi-vowels or glides because they are produced with the tongue gliding to or from the position of a nearby vowel. [l, r] are sometimes called liquids. In [l] we have the air move through sides of the tongue. In [r] we raise
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  • Spring '17
  • Phonation, Vowel, International Phonetic Alphabet, Diphthongs

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