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Objectives Reading Assignment Lecture Notes Video Resource Practice Quiz/Self-Assessments Chapter 5 Early Childhood: Body and Mind Objectives At the completion of this chapter, students will be able to: 1. Describe normal physical growth during early childhood, and account for variations in height and weight. 2. Describe changes in eating habits during early childhood. 3. Distinguish between gross and fine motor skills, and discuss the development of each during early childhood. 4. Discuss the processes of myelination and lateralization and their effects on development during this period. 5. Describe the development of the prefrontal cortex during early childhood and its role in impulse control and appropriate focus. 6. Describe the development of the limbic system in young children and its role in the expression and regulation of emotions. 7. Describe and discuss the major characteristics of Piaget’s stage of preoperational thought, and identify a major limitation of Piaget’s research. 8. Explain Vygotsky’s views on cognitive development, focusing on the concepts of guided participation and scaffolding in promoting cognitive growth. 9. Describe Vygotsky’s view of the role of language in cognitive growth. 10.Describe how theory-theory supports the idea that children are active learners. 11.Explain the typical young child’s theory of mind, noting how it is affected by context and culture. 12.Describe the development of grammar during early childhood, noting limitations in the young child’s language abilities. 13.Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of bilingualism at an early age. 14.Discuss variations in early-childhood- education programs. 15.Identify the characteristics of a high-quality preschool intervention program, and briefly discuss the costs and benefits of preschool education. 16.Briefly discuss the risk of accidental injury among children. 17.Explain what is meant by “injury control,” and describe some measures that have significantly reduced accidental death rates among children. 18.Identify the various categories of child maltreatment, and discuss the warning signs and consequences of child maltreatment. 19.Discuss foster care, kinship care, and adoption as intervention options in cases of child maltreatment.
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Back to Top Reading Assignment Invitation to the Lifespan , 1st Edition, by Kathleen S. Berger Chapter 5 - Early Childhood: Body and Mind Back to Top Lecture Notes - Early Childhood: Body and Mind I. Body Changes 1. Between 2 and 6 years of age, children grow almost 3 inches (about 7 centimeters) and gain about 41/2 pounds (2 kilograms) per year. At age 5, the child’s ratio of height to weight (body mass index) is lower than at any other age in the life span. 2. By age 6, the average child in a developed nation weighs about 45 pounds (20 kilograms) and measures 46 inches (117 centimeters).
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