OB pals Week 1 .docx - Week 1 OB PALS Chapter 3 Hernias or surgery Risk factors for male infertilitiy Environmental pollutants marijuana cocaine drug

OB pals Week 1 .docx - Week 1 OB PALS Chapter 3 Hernias or...

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Week 1 OB PALS Chapter 3 Hernias or surgery Risk factors for male infertilitiy Environmental pollutants, marijuana, cocaine, drug alcohol use, old age, impotence, smoking Femal infertility: Clomid (stimulates egg production), Selective estrogen receptor modulator, abnormalities with fallopian tubes Mallolectomy, take away baby making area STDS can cause infertility, important to get treatment Risk factors for infertility: Autoimmune disorder, eating disorder, malnutrition, diabetes, excessive exercising (amenorrhea), obesity. Types of treatment (fertility) Artificial insemination put sperm into uterus or cervix with a catheter Poor cervical, mucus production, diminished sperm for males, not best anatomical shape for sperm, decreased motility. Aspirate sperm from testes: Take sperm and match with harvested egg, even with vasectomy, artificial insemination NO sperm count, low sperm in ejaculate, will still aspirate IVF: In Vitro Fertilization Harvest eggs, fertilize them, choose to have eggs frozen, examine eggs and sperm make sure they are compatible, then take fertilized egg and plant in uterus. Genetic Diseases: Figuring out what diseases are, who is most at risk Sick Cell Anemia:Cell is not round, is crescent shape, does not allow hemoglobin into the blood, common in African Americans Cystic Fibrosis: More common in European ancestry, has to do with thick mucus clogs in bronchial tree, respiratory infections. Can lead to pulmonary failure. Tay Sachs: fOiund in jesish ancestry, neuro degenerative disease
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Pku: Phenylketonuria, test newborns for it to see if they have it if they do they cannot breastfeed, lack of enzyme needed to metabolize protein, have to have special formula, diet while growing up, can lead to mental and physical retardation. Function of the placenta: Two main functions metabolic and gas exchange, hormone production Metabolic and gas exchange: Baby Co2 goes to mom to get rid of it, mom I transferring oxygen and nutrients to the baby, done through diffusion. HCG and HPL, estrogen Progesterone: Decreases uterine contractility, also helps to facilitate implantation Estrogen: Stimulate uterine enlargement, and breast enlargement HCG: Hormone goes up when pregnant, goes up during first trimester, than rapid decline because of placenta taking over.
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