CONSTITUTIONS.pptx - CONSTITUTIONS(DISTINGUISH THE...

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CONSTITUTIONS (DISTINGUISH THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CONSTITUTIONS AND STATUTES)
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Example: 1. Afghanistan 2. Congo 3. Stalin
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Most constitutions specify individual rights and freedoms 1. Canada 2. Britain
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Constitutions written since World War II 1. Japanese Constitution 2. German Constitution 3. Brazilian Constitution
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The Highest Law of the Land
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1. To establish a supreme law of the land. 2. States the fundamental laws of society and are not meant to be easily revised. 3. Measurement of the activities of the government or the people.
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Examples: 1. Sweden’s constitution 2. Constitution of the U.S. 3. Japan’s constitution
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Case Study: The Dangers of Changing the Constitution .
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Instability and Indicates that no constitution has rooted itself into the hearts and minds of the people.
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Examples : 1. France 2. Brazil 3. Yugoslav
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The General Nature of the Constitutional Law
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* Constitutions, no matter how detailed, cannot cover every problem that may arise, so most provide for a constitutional court to interpret the highest law of the land in specific cases.
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*Constitutional law must be interpreted for specific incidents. *The court do not always interpret the constitution in a consistent fashion.
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Example: 1. Germany’s Federal Constitutional Court
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Constitutions and Constitutional Government
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1. A constitution depends largely on the way it is interpreted. Ex. Italy and Sweden
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2. A constitution can be a fiction. Ex. Soviet constitution
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Constitutionalism
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Example: 1. Magna Carta, which England’s nobles forced King John to sign in 1215.
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On the other hand, totalitarian and authoritarian government is not limited by its constitution.
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