sociology100.docx - Explain why history and biography are...

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Explain why history and biography are both essential for the sociological perspective? History is essential for sociological perspective because it gives each society their own set of characteristics for example, our ideas of gender roles in this society. Biography is essential for the sociological perspective because biography is what you do in terms of your historical setting, meaning your actions were influenced by external forces, rather than instinct. Looking at history and biography allows the observer to see in context, and possibly have a better understanding. Trace the origins of sociology from tradition to Max Weber Sociology was born during the early days of the industrial revolution . For many people life sucked, and they wanted answers to their questions about life. Normally they would rely on unsupported superstitions and theories (tradition), but in this new era tradition was being lost, in exchange for more modern ideas such as inalienable rights and democracy. Seeing the success of scientific methods in chemistry, physics, etc. people applied it to their questions about life, and this began the social sciences. (Applying scientific methods to social things is called positivism ; Which was the idea and suggestion of August Comte ) Comte had many questions regarding society, and thus he created and coined the term ‘sociology’-the study of society.
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