PS 101 Notes - Naomi Pierre PS 101 Chapters 1-4 Tuesday 9/5 What is Psychology ● A science of behavior Levels of behavior Example I(Levels of

PS 101 Notes - Naomi Pierre PS 101 Chapters 1-4 Tuesday...

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Naomi Pierre PS 101 Chapters 1-4 Tuesday 9/5 What is Psychology? A science of behavior Levels of behavior Example I: (Levels of psychology evaluated via Anorexia Nervosa) a) Biological Brain based changes/differences in structure I.e. Lethal mental disorder Anorexia Nervosa- regulation of eating behavior b) Psychological Misperception, desire for perfectionism Distortion c) Basic social interaction More common in women & in families where appearance may be valued d) Larger social group More common in women, swimmers, dancers, specific athletes Higher rates of anorexia Δ throughout the years Culture - broad, vile for understanding Larger social group - school, teams, class Basic social interaction - caregiver Psychological - thought process Biological - methodology, all systems in flux
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e) Culture Cultural Δ over the years > the perception of things Society targeting women, promoting unhappiness, selling them things to “improve their lives” Example II: Youth Aggression Biological defined by: levels of aggression Testosterone (metabolic steroid) Serotonin = aggression Psychological Attributes Exposure to physical/domestic violence Basic social interaction likely to display aggression Reactive Proactive Response, perceived as a threat i.e. Hitting someone back after being hit Aggressor perceives as threatening Behavior that anticipates a reward i.e. Bullying Aggressor perceives as an accident Larger social group gang influence Culture Influence of American Culture Movies crime rates Comical reaction to aggression Connotations to responses/reactions Choosing appropriate levels of analysis? Which level? What is the question? Theory & Hypothesis
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Thursday 9/7 RESEARCH METHODS TYPES OF STUDIES Natural Observation (+) looking at the real world natural habitat Case Study ( +) single/few individuals detailed, lots of history data Well known individual example Rare phenomenon i.e HM- neuroscience study (-) Results in lots of data, hard to study, tells a lot about the world Not very generalized Survey (+) Business world Epidemic data Useful to get info (-) standa rd variables May not be effective control Experimental (+) Controlled exp/enviro Can manipulate Can determine causality Correlation (+) Tells you the association among different phenomenon i.e social skills> academic performance (-) Cannot manipulate Cannot tell you causality
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Who do you study? Use science to explain abstract things Population Random sample ideal sample General group (i.e. type I diabetes) Stratified sample Men vs Women (who is affected and how differently ) What do you study?
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