HP252 practice exams 1-3 - HP 252 Exams TEST 1 1 Providing early intervention to a six-month old baby born with Down syndrome illustrates something most

HP252 practice exams 1-3 - HP 252 Exams TEST 1 1 Providing...

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HP 252 Exams TEST 1 1. Providing early intervention to a six-month old baby born with Down syndrome illustrates something most lifespan developmental experts believe to be true. This is the belief that: a. Nature and nurture both interact to influence development (C) 2. A young mother is exposed to lawn pesticides in the spring when she is 6 weeks pregnant. Which of the following is true? a. Since the exposure occurred during the embryonic period, in addition to neurological development, she should be concerned about the effects on the fetus’ structural and organ development (D) 3. One implication of Urie Bronfenbrenner’s ecological theory is that to understand development, one must: a. Consider the individual and the different levels of sociocultural contexts with which he or she interacts (B) 4. From the Santrock reading, what is the leading known cause of intellectual disability (we used to call it “mental retardation”) in Western civilization today? a. Prenatal exposure to alcohol (B) 5. The Apgar scale is a method used to assess the health of newborns. A score of 2 would: a. Signal an emergency b/c the baby’s survival may be in doubt (C) 6. Maria is a social drinker. She wants to have a baby, however, and has vowed that as soon as she finds out she is pregnant she will stop drinking completely. Maria is forgetting that: a. Many developmental problems can occur even before a woman knows she is pregnant (D) 7. Which baby is at the lowest risk for SIDS? a. A Caucasian 3-month old male who was born full term at 8lbs, 2oz (B)
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HP 252 Exams 8. What is the cause of fetal alcohol syndrome? a. Alcohol in the pregnant woman’s bloodstream crosses the placenta into the unborn fetus’s system and disrupts its ability to get enough O2 for normal growth and development (B) 9. Which of the following is TRUE about children born preterm and at low birth weight? a. They are more likely than their normal birth weight counterparts to develop ADHD and breathing problems such as asthma (B) 10. “The ability to engage in thoughtful reflectiveness seems to happen all of a sudden. But if one carefully examines it, this ability is actually based on accumulation of experiences across many years.” The theorist holds a predominantly continuity-based view of development. (D) 11. Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding the impact of teratogens? a. Exposure to teratogens does more damage when it occurs at some points in development than at others (D) 12. Which disability or syndrome in middle childhood is typically a direct consequence of the teratogenic effects of alcohol during the embryonic period of prenatal development? a. (C) Learning Disability 13. Mrs. Harmon, the mother of 18-month-old Bruce, consults a counselor b/c of her son’s development. She is concerned that Bruce has not learned to speak articulately and in full sentences all the time. He has a limited vocabulary and seems content to point to the things he wants. Mrs. Harmon has read several child
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