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RAND Corporation Chapter Title: China’s Foreign Policy Outlook Book Title: China's International Behavior Book Subtitle: Activism, Opportunism, and Diversification Book Author(s): Evan S. Medeiros Published by: RAND Corporation. (2009) Stable URL: JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact [email protected] Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at RAND Corporation is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to China's International Behavior This content downloaded from 130.102.10.102 on Thu, 12 Sep 2019 00:30:27 UTC All use subject to
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7 CHAPTER TWO China’s Foreign Policy Outlook China’s international behavior is influenced by three historically deter- mined “lenses” of perception that color and shade how Chinese policy- makers view China’s external environment, think about China’s role in international affairs, and implement policy actions. These lenses reflect Chinese biases and prejudices about the international system and China’s place in it. These lenses are all broad notions related to China’s national-role concept and are not commonly articulated by officials, nor do they appear in government documents. Rather, these ideas pervade Chinese research, analysis, and policymaking about Chinese foreign relations and foreign policy. 1 The Three Lenses National Revitalization First, there is a pervasive belief in China that it is in the process of reclaiming its lost status as a “great power” ( da guo ໻೑ ). Chinese 1 To understand the historical influences on Chinese foreign policy, see Niu Jun, From Yan’an to the World: The Origin and Development of Chinese Communist Foreign Policy, in Steven I. Levine, ed. and trans., Norwalk, Conn.: Eastbridge Books, 2005; John Garver, “The Legacy of the Past,” Foreign Relations of the People’s Republic of China, Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1993, pp. 2–30; Michael H. Hunt, The Genesis of Chinese Commu- nist Foreign Policy , New York: Columbia University Press, 1996; Lowell Dittmer and Samuel S. Kim, eds., China’s Quest for National Identity , Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1993, especially Chapter Eight; and John K. Fairbank, “A Preliminary Framework,” in John K. Fairbank, ed., The Chinese World Order: Traditional China’s Foreign Relations, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1968, pp. 1–19. This content downloaded from 130.102.10.102 on Thu, 12 Sep 2019 00:30:27 UTC All use subject to
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8 China’s International Behavior: Activism, Opportunism, and Diversification policymakers, analysts, and the media describe China’s current rise as a “revitalization” ( fuxing ໡݈ ) or “rejuvenation” ( zhenxing ᤃ݈ ) of China’s rightful place in the world as a great power. They commonly
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