20190926_04084625.pdf - the number of individuals which is...

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the number of individuals, which is represented by n. The type of a classifier is therefore <k, <n, <e,t>>>. Although the denotation is adopted from Chierchia, the structure of a classifier phrase is modified from the original one. Under our analysis, the numeral is in the Spec of the classifier phrase while it is the specifier of the Atom Phrase (AtP) in Chierchia’s structure. The proposed structure is shown below. (11) A classifier phrase ClP <e,t> Nume n Cl’ Cl<k, <n, <e,t>>> N k Let us apply the above denotation to a classifier. The example below illustrates the meaning of lem (a classifier for books). (12) nangsue saam lem ‘three books’ book three CL i. lem<k,<n,<e,t>>> = λkλnλx[ k(x) ѧ CLlem(x)= n] ii. lem nangsue = λnλx [ <n,<e,t>> nangsue(x) ѧ CLlem(x)= n] 25 k = kind, n = number, = predicativizer. I replace Chierchia’s µ (x) with CL(x) where µ is restricted to relevant measures. This modification is strictly for illustrative purposes. 68 iii. saam lem nangsue<e,t> = λx [ nangsue(x) ѧ CLlem(x)= 3] lem (CL), classifier for book-like objects, first combines with nangsue ‘book’, then the CL + N combines with the number. The meaning is ‘three book-like objects of the book- kind’. The classifier relates the kind to its instantiation. The word order resulting from the proposed structure is Nume > CL > N, which is the word order found in Chinese. However, the noun always appears in the initial position on the surface in a Thai classifier phrase: N > Nume > CL. In Chinese, the noun initial word order is also available but only under certain circumstances (See section 4 of this chapter).
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