CH 4-Socialization and the Construction of Reality.docx - CHAPTER FOUR SOCIALIZATION AND THE CONSTRUCTION OF REALITY One famous test in the computer

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One famous test in the computer science field of artificial intelligence is the Turing Test,in which a subject is asked to have to parallel conversationsoOne exchange occurs with an actual human, the other with a computeroBoth are conducted by instant messaging or some other text-based platformoIf the subject can’t reliably distinguish the computer from the living human, thenthe computer is said to have passed the Turing TestoNo computer has yet passed the test for very longPsychiatrist Fadid Haddad worries that humans may be getting less socially nuanced Socialization: The ConceptSocializationis the process through which individuals internalize the values, beliefs, andnorms of a society and learn to function as its membersFor babies, the primary unit of socialization is generally the familyAs children grow older and enter the educational system, school becomes a key locationin their socializationBy the time you entered college, you did not have to be told explicitly to raise your handor refrain from talking when the teacher was speaking because you had internalized therules that govern situations in which people we designate students and teachers operateYou recognize the limits of your socialization when you find yourself in a new situationand aren’t quite sure how to behave Limits of SocializationAlthough socialization is necessary for people to function in society, individuals are notsimply blank slates onto which society transcribes its norms and values In sociology, we tend to think less about right and wrong and more about which theoriesare more or less helpful in explaining and understanding our social worldThe concept of socialization is useful for understanding how people become functioningmembers of society“Human” Nature “Human nature” is a blend of “organic equipment,” the raw materials we are physicallymade of, and social interaction, the environment in which we are raisedTheories of SocializationMe, Myself, and I: Development of the Self and the OtherSelfis the individual identity of a person as perceived by that same personSociologists would argue that it emerges through a social processRVCHAPTER FOUR: SOCIALIZATION AND THE CONSTRUCTION OF REALITY
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According to Cooley in Human Nature and the Social Order(1902/1922), the selfemerges from our ability to assume the point of view of others and thereby imagine howthey see usIis one sense of agency, action, or powerOtheris someone or something outside of oneselfTo function as fully adult members of society, we need to be able to recognize that otherpeople have wants, needs, and desires that are sometimes similar and sometimes differentfrom our own Imitation, play, and games are important components of childhood developmentGames involve a more complex understanding of multiple roles; indeed, you must be able
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  • Spring '08
  • MUELLER
  • Sociology, Erving Goffman

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