CH 12 Family.docx - CHAPTER 12 FAMILY Family Forms and Changes The larger question of mate selection the phenomenon of human partnering that is

CH 12 Family.docx - CHAPTER 12 FAMILY Family Forms and...

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Family Forms and Changes The larger question of mate selection: the phenomenon of human partnering that is patterned by history culture, and law In the contemporary world, ethnically mixed couples, are hardly shocking, but 50 years ago in the United States they were almost unthinkable When a culture maintains either legal or normative sanctions against people marrying outside their race, caste, or class is called a rule of endogamy , meaning marriage from within o DEF : marriage to someone with one’s social group o To some extent, we all practice endogamy; that is, on some level because people tend to hook up with similar people, because it makes for easier relations if you and your partner share a social group In much of the contemporary Western world exogamy , or marriage to someone outside one’s social group, is legally possible, if not always culturally acceptable Total exogamy —when people from completely different social categories get together—is rare Monogamy is the practice of having only one sexual partner or spouse at a time Polygamy is the practice of having more than one sexual partner or spouse at a time Polyandry is the practice of having multiple husbands simultaneously Polygyny is the practice of having multiple wives simultaneously Although the Mormon Church outlawed polygamy in 1890, some Mormon splinter groups, called fundamentalists, continue the practice of one man supporting several families at the same time Cultural norms and state regulations play a fundamental, if invisible, role in your love life Once you find that person (or those persons, for polygamists) your next move will be to form a relationship with him or her, probably in the shape of a family Malinowski and the Traditional Family The normative “traditional family ” is one in which a heterosexual couple lives with their dependent children in a self-contained, economically independent household This family is typically a patriarchal one, governed by a male head with a dependent wife and children Bronislaw Malinowski put to rest a long-standing family debate among anthropologists about the universal existence of families o Malinowski, based on his research of Australian Aboriginals (who seemed to have sex with everyone), suggested that these natives did, in fact, form ties indicative to familiar arrangements o The family was accepted as a universal human institution for most of the twentieth century, and this notion continues to endure today He argued that the family, in addition to being a universal phenomenon, was a necessary institution for fulfilling the task of child rearing in society R V CHAPTER 12: FAMILY
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Sociologist Talcott Parsons came up with the idea of the traditional nuclear family consisting of a mother and father, and their children, as a functional necessity in modern industrial society, because it was most compatible with fulfilling society’s need for productive workers and child nurturers o
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