CH 8 Gender.pptx - Gender \u201cYou May Ask Yourself\u201d \u2013 Dalton Conley Chapter 8 SOC 1305 08 Introduction to Sociology \u2022 Sex refers to the natural or

CH 8 Gender.pptx - Gender u201cYou May Ask Yourselfu201d...

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Gender “You May Ask Yourself” – Dalton Conley Chapter 8 SOC 1305 08 Introduction to Sociology February 18, 2019
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SEX, SEXUALITY, AND GENDER Sex refers to the natural or biological differences that distinguish males and females. Gender is a social construct that consists of a set of social arrangements that are built around sex. Sexuality refers to desire, sexual preference, sexual identity, and behavior.
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SEX: A PROCESS IN THE MAKING 3 Many believe that there are only two sexes — male and female — and that all people fall into one group or the However, evidence suggests that we need to embrace a more expansive definition of sex that goes beyond two rigid and distinct categories. How do nature and nurture overlap, penetrat e and shape each other?
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GENDER: WHAT DOES IT TAKE TO BE A WOMAN (OR A MAN)? Gender roles are sets of behavioral norms assumed to accompany one’s status as a male or female. Biological determinism is a line of thought that explains social behavior in terms of who you are in the natural world. Evidence shows that gender roles have more to do with social status than biology.
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FEMINISM Feminism is an intellectual, consciousness- raising movement based on the idea that women and men should be accorded equal opportunities and respect. Feminism seeks to get people to understand that gender is an organizing principle of life. Gender structures social relations on unequal ground, and thus power is fundamentally at play when we talk about gender differences.
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THE WOMAN QUESTION – THEORETICAL FRAMEWORKS FOR UNDERSTANDING GENDER STRATIFICATION Structural Functionalist – fulfill necessary functions in society Psychoanalytic theories – individualistic explanations for gender differences (nature over nurture) Conflict theories – patriarchal capitalists benefit from gender- stratified systems
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THE WOMAN QUESTION – THEORETICAL FRAMEWORKS FOR UNDERSTANDING GENDER STRATIFICATION Socialist feminists – all social relations stem from unequal gender relations Social constructionists – gender is a process that people participate in with every social interaction they have.
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