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HIS-113: AMERICAN HISTORY I Module 2—Revolt and Revolution OVERVIEW In Module 2, we are looking at the era of the American Revolution. From early on, the British had adopted a hands-off policy to governing their North American colonies. Later known as “salutary neglect,” the British allowed local governments and colonial assemblies to govern the day-to-day affairs of its colonies. The obvious question is: how did the British make money off its colonial system? This was the problem. The Navigation Acts of 1660 stipulated that the colonists pay tariffs on the exportation and importation of all goods. The expenses incurred from the French and Indian War, though, brought new economic pressures as their debts mounted and they needed colonists to pay more into the system through direct taxation. Also, through the Proclamation of 1763, the British restricted colonial migration into the Ohio Valley and set up a chain of forts stationed with troops. For the colonists, the point was to keep them boxed in, but for the British, it was to prevent unnecessary provocation of the native tribes. In the larger picture, the colonists prospered under the system, but they resented the growing intrusive role of the British, which undermined their custom of self-rule. Consider the situation from the British perspective. Many claim that the British were oppressive and assume the colonists came to escape British rules and laws, but few initially did. Most came for simple economic opportunity or greater religious liberties than they had back home. Few, if any, initially came with the intention of breaking with the mother country and most still referred to themselves as Englishmen until late into the colonial period. The

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