3 1.1 CHARACTERISTICS OF POETRY Characteristic Description Form and structure •Poems are written in paragraphs called stanzas. Stanzas are groups of lines within a poem that are similar in rhyme, rhythm, or style. Often, there is a break between stanzas. Figures of speech •A figure of speech is a phrase or word that has a different meaning than its literal meaning. For example: - a metaphor describes something by likening it to something else: "His touch was a lightning strike." - a simile compares something by using words such as “like” or “as”: “She is as fierce as a tiger.”- a hyperbole is usually an exaggeration that hints at a larger truth such as "I ran faster than a cheetah". Tone •The writer’s attitude toward the subject that sets the mood of the piece of writing. •For example, poems may have alliteration; multiple consecutive words that start with the same letter. - e.g., Pretty pugs playfully prance on the promenade. Rhyme and rhythm •Some poems use rhyming words to create a certain effect.