Literary Terms - General Literary Genres Novel o a extended...

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General Literary Genres Novel o a extended fictional work in prose; usually in the form of a story Poetry o a literary expression in which words are used in a concentrated blend of sound and imagery to create an emotional response Short story o A brief fictional work that usually contains one major conflict and at least one main character. Drama o a dramatic work intended for performance by actors on a stage Specific Literary Genres Allegory o A story in which people, things, and actions represent an idea or generalization about life; allegories often have a strong moral or lesson. Ballad o a poem which tells a story. Blank Verse o Poetry that is written in unrhymed iambic pentameter Vernacular o the writer's own native language Concrete/Shaped Poetry o poetry in which the physical arrangements of words are used to help suggest the author's meaning or theme Dramatic Monologue o a poem that dramatizes someone's thoughts and actions; the persona of the poem talks directly to "us" or an unseen other. Elegy o a mournful poem; a lament for the dead Epic
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o a long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds Epistolary o written in the form of or carried on by letters or correspondence Fable o a brief, succinct story, in prose or verse, that features animals, plants, inanimate objects, or forces of nature which are anthropomorphized (given human qualities), and that illustrates a moral lesson (a "moral"), which may at the end be expressed explicitly in a pithy maxim. Farce o a comedy characterized by broad satire and improbable situations Free Verse o Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme. Interior Monologue o writing that indicates the writer’s or a character’s unspoken thoughts Lyric Poetry o Poetry that focuses on expressing emotions or thoughts rather than on telling a story Myth o Legendary narrative, usually of gods and heroes, or a theme that expresses the ideology of a culture. Ode o A relatively lengthy lyric poem that often expresses lofty emotions in a dignified style. Odes are characterized by a serious topic, such as truth, art, freedom, justice, or the meaning of life; their tone tends to be formal Parable o A short, simple allegory with a moral or religious bent. Parody o a composition that imitates somebody's style in a humorous way Satire o the use of ridicule or scorn, often in a humorous or witty way, to expose vices and follies Sonnet o a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme
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Self-Reflexive o Applied to texts which display an awareness or a comment on their own artificial status as texts. Stream of Consciousness o a technique of presenting the character's thoughts and feelings as they develop Tall Tale o A humorous, exaggerated story common on the American frontier, often focusing on cases of superhuman strength.
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