Autoimmune_Processes_PPT_Sept_6___2017 (2).pptx - Autoimmune Processes Educator Naomi Palmer Mitchell Presented to Senior Nursing Students Northern

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Autoimmune Processes Educator: Naomi Palmer Mitchell Presented to: Senior Nursing Students Northern Caribbean University September 6, 2017
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Objectives Describe the pathophysiology of Multiple Sclerosis Identify the clinical manifestations of Multiple Sclerosis Discuss the medical and nursing management of Multiple Sclerosis
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Objectives Cont’d Describe the pathophysiology of Myasthenia Gravis Identify the clinical manifestations of Myasthenia Gravis Discuss the medical and nursing management of Myasthenia Gravis Describe the pathophysiology of Guillain-Barré Syndrome Identify the clinical manifestations of Guillain-Barré Syndrome Apply the nursing process as a framework for care of patients with multiple sclerosis and Guillain-Barré syndrome.
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Glossary Ataxia: impaired coordination of movements Dyskinesia: impaired ability to execute voluntary movements Dysphagia: difficulty swallowing, causing the patient to be at risk for aspiration Paresthesia: a sensation of numbness or tingling or a “pins and needles” sensation Spasticity: muscular hypertonicity with increased resistance to stretch often associated with weakness, increased deep tendon reflexes, and diminished superficial reflexes Diplopia: double vision
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Multiple Sclerosis Background Immune-mediated, progressive demyelinating disease of the CNS Demyelination refers to the destruction of myelin, the fatty and protein material that surrounds certain nerve fibers in the brain and spinal cord Age group mainly affected 20-40 years Women
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Multiple Sclerosis Cont’d Cause (ongoing research) Researchers believe that some environmental exposure at a young age may play a role in the development of MS later in life.
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