Topic21 - * Societies have a life cycle like human beings:...

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1 SOCIAL CHANGE TOPIC 21 : SOCIAL CHANGE A. What is Social Change ? B. Sources of Social Change C. Theories of Social Change D. Social Change Today
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2 A. What is Social Change? Social change is a process by which society becomes something DIFFERENT while remaining in some respects the SAME What Changes? Mainly SOCIAL STRUCTURE, but also CULTURE and “BACKGROUND.”
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3 B. Sources of Social Change 1.Structural and “Background” Elements: a. Physical Environment b. Population c. Conflict over Resources 2. Cultural Factors a. Conflict over Values
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4 2. Cultural Factors a. Conflict over Values b. The Nature of Values 2. Cultural Factors a. Conflict over Values b. The Nature of Values c. Innovation d. Diffusion
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5 C. Theories of Social Change 1. Evolutionary Theories: * Social evolution is progress from simple to complex forms of society. *With functional differentiation over time, societies become more adaptive. 2. Cyclical Theories * Societies rise and fall.
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Unformatted text preview: * Societies have a life cycle like human beings: Development Maturity Decline Death 6 3. Functionalist Theories * Forces of stability and change operate together over time. * Societies adjust to changes and tend toward equilibrium. EXAMPLE: Ogburns Theory of Cultural Lag 4. Conflict Theories * Continuous conflict causes continuous change * Societies are continuously becoming something new EXAMPLE: Marxian Dialectical Materialism 7 D. Social Change Today a. Advanced Technology 1. In Industrialized Nations: D. Social Change Today a. Advanced Technology b. Information Revolution 1. In Industrialized Nations: 8 D. Social Change Today a. Advanced Technology b. Information Revolution c. Globalization 1. In Industrialized Nations: 2. In Developing Nations a. Modernization b. The World System 9 10 Almost. .. there!...
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2008 for the course SOC 1004 taught by Professor Mdhughes during the Spring '07 term at Virginia Tech.

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Topic21 - * Societies have a life cycle like human beings:...

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