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Psychology Chapter 2 - Thursday June 20, 2019 ● Why is...

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Thursday June 20, 2019Why is research important?
Inductive-conclusions are drawn from observations. [You see many fruitsgrow on trees and therefore you assume all fruits grow on trees]Empirical observations->inductive reasoning-> Hypothesis-> deductivereasoning(repeat in circle)Scientists form ideas through deductive reasoningHypothesis are tested through empirical observations and scientists formconclusions through inductive reasoningScientific MethodScientists use inductive reasoning to form theories from hypothesesTheory- well developed set ideas that propose an explanation forobserved phenomenaHypothesis- tentative and testable statement about the relationshipbetween two or more variablesFalsifiable HypothesesA Scientific hypothesis must be falsifiable, meaning it is able to be provenincorrectId, ego, superego can’t really be proven incorrectClinical or case studiesIt is the focus on one individualThe studied individual is usually in an extreme or unique psychologicalcircumstances that differentiates them for the general publicExample- genie, found at age 13, suffered from severe abuse andsocial isolation, can’t speak.Naturalistic ObservationsObservation of behavior in natural settingIt is generally hidden under scrutiny or observationTo study the most accurate and genuine behaviors, naturalistic
observation has proven most effectiveThrough natural observations, any feeling of performance or anxiety of thestudied individuals is eliminatedObserver bias- when observations may be skewed to align with observerexpectationsSurvey

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Term
Fall
Professor
Adria Stevenson
Tags
Psychology, researcher

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