topic 11&12 - TOPIC 11 SOCIAL STRATIFICATION Topic 11...

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TOPIC 11 SOCIAL STRATIFICATION
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Topic 11: Social Stratification A. What Is Social Stratification? B. Theories of Stratification A. What is Social Stratification? Social stratification is a kind of social differentiation. EXAMPLES Gender Differentiation Racial Differentiation Occupational Differentiation Ethnic Differentiation
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1. A Definition Social stratification is the structured ranking of individuals and groups into horizontal layers (or “strata”). 2. Stratification Systems May Be Open or Closed Or Somewhere In-Between OPEN Relatively Free Movement CLOSED Movement Difficult
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Different Stratification Systems 3. Dimensions of Stratification a. Karl Marx One Dimension: WEALTH One Classification System: CLASS
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SOURCES OF WEALTH CLASS LAND CAPITAL LABOR BOURGEOISIE PROLETARIAT The continuing conflict between these two classes is due to different interests. BOURGEOISIE PROLETARIAT Exploitation of Labor Profit Survival Need for Power Quality of Life
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b. Max Weber
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These dimensions correlate, but not perfectly.
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