Topic20 - Topic 20 Population Topic 20 Population A The...

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Topic 20 Population Topic 20 — Population A. The Study of Demography B. Population Growth
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A. The Study of Demography 1. Demography is the study of: Birth Migration Death a. c. b. Also: d. Composition of population e. Population change
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2. Births
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2. Births a. Crude Birth Rate Number of Births Population X 1,000 b. General Fertility Rate Number of Births Number of women 15-44 years old X 1,000
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c. Age specific fertility rates may be calculated d. NOTE: Fertility = actual births Fecundity = potential births
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e. There is a long decline in fertility in the U.S. broken by the “Baby Boom” (Approximately 1945-1957)
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Baby Boom was probably caused by: (i) Economic growth after World War II (ii) Pent up demand for children caused by the Great Depression
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Baby Boom was probably ended by: An increase in women’s labor force participation
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3. Migration 3. Migration a. Why migrate? (i) Economic factors — push and pull (ii) Non-economic factors Political Quality of life Family Life cycle Networks
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b. Who Migrates?
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