Topic19 - Inner city decay Traffic Poverty D Global...

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TOPIC 19 URBANIZATION Topic 19 — Urbanization I. Evolution of Cities II. Patterns of City Growth III. Urban Life and Alienation
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I. Evolution of Cities Urbanization: the process of population concentration. has been happening on a large scale for only about 200 years.
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City Types in History A. The Pre-Industrial City
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City Types in History —rarely larger than 100,000 people —made possible by: Economic surplus Stratification Bureaucracy A. The Pre-Industrial City
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Why Not Larger? 1. Transportation 2. Insecurity 3. Poor Sanitation 4. Feudalism B. Industrial-Urban Center
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B. Industrial-Urban Center Made possible by Manufacturing technology Improved transportation Improved agriculture The nation-state
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C. Metropolitan Cities
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C. Metropolitan Cities Expansion of industrial-urban cities In the U.S. --- caused by problems in industrial urban cities: High taxes High land values
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Unformatted text preview: Inner city decay Traffic Poverty D. Global Cities *Cities linked to international markets *Coordination of dispersed activities over the globe. Examples: New York Hong Kong Los Angeles London Tokyo II. Patterns of City Growth A. Concentric Zone Model 1. Central Business District 2. Manufacturing 3. Zone of Transition 4. Zone of Working Class Homes 5. Middle and Upper-Class Homes 6. Commuter Zone 1 2 3 4 5 6 B. Sector Theory Growth is along transportation routes C. Multiple Nuclei Theory Growth is in functional centers III. Urban Life and Alienation Urban life should be alienating . Why? Heterogeneous culture No single normative order Social differentiation Isolation A world of “strangers” But, data show that urban dwellers create their own “communities” OVERALL: LOW ALIENATION...
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